“A Living Death at Andersonville.”

Last week fellow AZ researcher, Mr. John Tierney, secured a US Senate report on 62d NYSV Co. D veteran, Pvt. John Child’s application for a grant of a military pension. Pvt. Child had suffered the “living death” (as the report states) of the notorious Confederate prison camp of Andersonville.

Possible Anderson Zouave Photograph?

Our Facebook research site was contacted last week by Mr. Brendan Hamilton. Mr. Hamilton found this image on Pinterest, with no information. He wonders is this an Anderson Zoauve? From my initial impression, it certainly seems so.

I asked fellow AZ researcher, Mr. John Tierney, his opinion. He responded via FB Messenger:

“Wow. Could be. You must recall that we have seen photos before of AZs with no waistcoat for line companies. Do you know who it is?

Sky blue sash. Blue tassel. Light blue trousers (less full than the Z/I company).

Also those deep angular chevrons on the sleeve.

Also check his left hip – there is a hint of a white stripe.”

See: https://www.facebook.com/andersonzouavesresearch

Dee Sanders (Editor)

Poor Colonel Riker (June 14 1862)

…Poor Col. Riker, who fell at Fair Oaks Battle leading his regiment, is to be buried here tomorrow with honors. He was a brave man, of a brave family – a descendant of the brave old Batavian race who settled old New York. HIERO saw him proudly march down Broadway at the head of his regiment : yet he was not the man to wish to shed the blood of Americans ; nor did he aim to pervert this war into a crusade to liberate Africans. He marched and fought as a soldier, not as a partisan. He has a soldier’s grave, and has left a hero’s name. Like Vosburgh – like hundreds more of his low-Dutch blood and his Democratic politics – he has fallen in a war for guilt of which he was not by vote or voice responsible.

Syracuse Daily Courier and Union, Saturday, June 14, 1862, p.1. 

Contributed by J. Tierney

See also: http://andersonszouaves.tripod.com/id250.html

Corporal Samuel Upson. Co. H.

When beginning the research into Samuel Upson, it began as every one of the biographies have, by enquiring into his military career.   On June 11, 1861, Samuel enlisted into Company E of the 62d in New York City at the age of 19.  He was transferred to Company to H, with no date provided, and received a promotion to Corporal on August 15, 1862. He was mustered out of the Regiment at the end of his enlistment near Petersburg, on June 29, 1864.

 That was it.  There was no additional information found anywhere. No Census records, no death or wedding certificates, nothing.  Now, this is not uncommon at all.  In my files are literally dozens of individuals who have dropped off into historical oblivion after The Great Rebellion, because in this era it was very easy to move, change names, desert families, or die without leaving a paper trail.

 But not mentioned in the Adjutant General’s Report of Regimental Rosters for the State of New York, but wasmentioned in the Ancestry.com files alongside the name of Samuel Upson was that of Samuel Upjohn.  This reference occurred so often that investigation into Samuel Upjohn’s descendants revealed that Samuel Upson and Samuel Upjohn was one and the same person.  All the pertinent military data were an exact match. They not only matched, but Samuel Upjohn came from arguably one of the most prestigious families in New York City.  Therefore, let’s restart the introduction of Samuel Upjohn.

 Samuel Upjohn was born in Brooklyn, New York on March 28, 1842 to Richard Upjohn and Elizabeth Parry Upjohn.  His father Richard was born in Dorset, England on January 12, 1802 and his mother, Elizabeth Parry,  was born in Denbigh, Wales (date unknown).  They were married at St. Gregory’s Church in London on November 14, 1826 and the pair immigrated to New Bedford, Massachusetts, arriving in 1830, becoming naturalized U.S. citizens in 1836. Richard apprenticed as a carpenter and cabinet maker as well as qualifying as a Master Mechanic. He eventually  became an architect, and of such high repute that he became the first President of the American Institute of Architects at 128 Broadway ,New York City and remained as such between 1863-1878.  Richard Upjohn specialized in Gothic churches and cathedrals, building over 40 of them, including Trinity Church in New York City and several city court houses in the Northeast, and private residences. Samuel’s elder brother Richard, became a well recognized architect as well.

 Samuel’s family included his siblings Richard (b. 1828), Elizabeth Ann (b.1830), James Atchison (b. 1832), Joseph Francis (b. 1834), and Anna Coombs (b. 1837).  Federal Census of 1840 and 1850 shows the family residing in Brooklyn, New York and by 1860 moving to Phillipsburg, New York which was located across the river from West Point. Richard Upjohn died of a “softening of the brain (possible stroke ?)” on August 17, 1879 and Elizabeth Upjohn followed him in death in 1882. Both were buried at Greenwood Cemetery in Brooklyn, New York.

 Samuel’s own story is as intriguing as his father’s, but arguably not as glamorous.  In 1860, he was a student of Divinity  within the Episcopal Church, but when the call to arms rang out he changed his name and enlisted as a common soldier.  Many illustrious families had members enlist in the military during the conflict, but usually as a commissioned officer. It was also not unusual for a highly religious person to take up arms for his country to support the abolitionist cause.  But generally, they used their legal names and not a temporary alternative.  Samuel served on the line during the Peninsular Campaign, Fredericksburg, Chancellorsville, Antietam, Gettysburg, the Shenandoah Campaign, and The Wilderness Campaign before his discharge at the end of his enlistment.

 Corporal Upjohn (Upson) returned to his studies and was ordained a Reverend in the Episcopal Church in 1866. In 1867, Samuel married Mary Louisa Pritz, born in New York in 1845. The couple resided in Augusta, Maine between 1868 to 1882, where he was the Rector at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church.  He and Mary had four children; Mary Elizabeth (b.1868), Alice (b. 1870), Margaret (b. 1872), and Charlotte Ethel (1876).  He also became Vice-President of the Maine Episcopal Missionary Society at this time.

 Mary and Samuel’s daughter, Mary Elizabeth, was married by her father in 1894 to Jonathan Clinton in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and eventually would have five children. Alice, unfortunately, would die at the age of 14 by causes not listed.  Margaret married Henry Riley Gumney in 1897 and they had two children together. Charlotte Ethel never married and assisted her parents at home and accompanied them on their various excursions and trips.

 In 1883 the family relocated to Germantown, Pennsylvania where he was Rector at St. Luke’s Church between November, 1883 to 1924.  Samuel, Mary and Charlotte made two trips to England in 1898 and again in 1902.  Whether these were for a personal pilgrimage or for a religious conferences is not known. His passport describes him at this time as being 5’1” tall with Hazel eyes and a dark complexion.

 On March 29, 1924 Reverend Samuel Upjohn died at 82 years of “Infirmity of Age” at his home in Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia with Mary passing on May 15, 1932.

Research article by Joe Basso

Originally published in “ZOUAVE!” No. 65 – May 2014


See also: http://andersonszouaves.tripod.com/id386.html

The Funeral of Cols. Riker and Miller (June 11 1862)

Yesterday, Col. J. Lafayette Riker and Col. James Miller, both of whom fell at the battle of Fair Oaks, were buried. During the day, both lay in state in the Governor’s Room, City Hall. At 2 o’clock the doors were closed, and none but relatives and military men were admitted. Soon after 3 o’clock, the mournful procession was formed, and passed out of the west gate at the Park in the following order:

Capt. Otto’s Troop of Cavalry.

Two Companies (infantry) of the Fifty-fifth Regiment, (Guard Lafayette,) and one Company of Cavalry, (dismounted,) under command of Capt. Goulet.

Carriages containing Col. Riker’s daughter and other relatives.

Pall-bearers in carriages.

Col. Riker’s Hearse, Drawn by six black horses, covered with palls marked A.Z:, and led by four Anderson Zouaves.

Harlem Chasseurs, Capt. Griffin, acting as Guard of Honor.

Three Officers of the Anderson Zouaves.

Col. Riker’s horse, led by his orderly, and covered with a pall.

Carriages containing members of the Everett House Committee, and of the Central Committee of New-York National Union Clubs.

Pall-bearers, in carriages, and wearing white scarfs.

Col. Miller’s Hearse, Drawn by six gray horses, covered with American flags.

Co. H, Twelfth Regiment, N.Y.S.M., Capt. Mc Cormick, in hollow square, acting as guard of honor.

Col. Miller’s horse, (a bay,) led by his servant and covered with a pall and an American flag.

Carriages containing relatives and Committee of citizens from Easton, Penn.

Members of the Common Council in carriages.

Maj-Gen. Sandford and Staff Officers of the First Division N.Y.S.M.

Officers of Volunteer Regiments.

Chief-Engineer Decker and other Officers of the Fire Department.

Superintendent of Police, Kennedy and Inspector Carpenter, on foot.

Three Hundred Policemen, in charge of Drill-Inspector Turnbull.

 On leaving the Park, the procession moved up Chatham-street, and the Bowery, to Bond-street; thence to Broadway; down Broadway to Greenwood Cemetery, where the remains were interred. At the grave a volley was fired over the departed heroes.

See also: http://andersonszouaves.tripod.com/id249.html

Quietly Smoking a Cigar (June 8 1862)

colonelrikerA meeting of the friends of the late Col. Riker of the Anderson Zouaves, who gloriously fell whilst leading his regiment at the battle of Fair Oaks, was held last evening at the Everett House… Lieut. Bradley – who participated in the battle of Fair Oaks as aid to Col. Riker – was called upon. Lieut. Bradley gave a long and interesting account of the share taken in the engagement by the Anderson Zouaves, with special reference to Col. Riker’s conduct on that occasion. From the Lieutenant’s statement, it would seem that the regiment and its Colonel behaved magnificently all through the fight; the coolness of the Colonel, in the most trying situations, being absolutely marvellous. As showing this Lieut. Bradley incidentally remarked that the Colonel was not struck whilst waving his sword, as he never drew his sword at all, but was quietly smoking a cigar most of the time. Lieut. Bradley declared he never saw a Colonel so beloved by his soldiers as was Col. Riker. The speaker was warmly applauded at the conclusion of his remarks.
New York Times, Sunday, June 8th., 1862.
See also: http://andersonszouaves.tripod.com/id103.html